In business, distribution is the process of making your product or service available for your customers to purchase. It’s a key part of your marketing strategy because it helps you reach your target market and grow your business. There are various types of distribution channels, and the best one for your business depends on your products, services, and goals.

There are many different types of distribution in marketing and planning. Each type has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to choose the right one for your business. Here’s a brief overview of the most common types of distribution:

Types of Distribution in Marketing and Planning

Types of Distribution

There are four main types of distribution in marketing and planning:

1. Product distribution
2. Market distribution
3. Channel distribution
4. Geographical distribution

Product distribution is the process of making a product available to customers. This can be done through stores, online retailers, or direct sales.
Market distribution is the process of targeting specific markets with your product. This can be done through market research and segmentation.
Channel distribution is the process of choosing the channels through which you will sell your product. This includes things like brick-and-mortar stores, online retailers, and direct sales.
Geographical distribution is the process of selling your product in specific geographic areas. This can be done through local stores, online retailers, or direct sales.

Intensive Distribution

Intensive distribution is a type of product distribution in which a product is made available through as many channels as possible. This type of distribution is often used for products that have high consumer demand, such as food and beverages.

The main advantage of intensive distribution is that it allows companies to reach a large number of consumers. This, in turn, can lead to increased sales and market share. Furthermore, intensive distribution can help to create brand awareness and loyalty among consumers.

There are some disadvantages to using intensive distribution as well. One is that it can be costly, since companies need to make their products available through multiple channels. Additionally, intensive distribution can lead to over-saturation of the market, which can eventually lead to decreased sales.

Selective Distribution

As its name suggests, selective distribution is a form of marketing and product distribution in which businesses select the outlets or channels through which they will sell their products. The main aim of selective distribution is to allow businesses to target specific markets and to control the price and availability of their products.

There are several advantages to using selective distribution as part of your marketing and product planning. First, it allows you to control the price of your products by choosing which outlets will sell them. Second, it gives you the ability to target specific markets with your products. And finally, it allows you to manage inventory levels more effectively by knowing which outlets will have access to your products.

Despite these advantages, there are also some drawbacks to using selective distribution. First, it can limit your potential market reach if you only sell through a small number of outlets. Second, it can be difficult to change your distribution strategy once it is in place. And finally, it can alienate customers who are unable to find your products in their preferred outlet.

If you are considering using selective distribution as part of your marketing and product planning, it is important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages carefully to ensure that it is the right choice for your business.

Exclusive Distribution

In exclusive distribution, a company gives the sole right to sell its products or services to one distributor in a particular territory. This type of distribution can be advantageous because it allows a company to better control how its products are marketed and sold. It can also lead to greater profits since the distributor is typically motivated to sell the product aggressively. However, exclusive distribution can also be risky because it puts all your eggs in one basket. If the distributor is unsuccessful, you may have difficulty finding another one willing to take on the product.

International Distribution

There are many factors to consider when planning for international distribution of your product. You’ll need to decide which markets to enter, what type of distribution channels to use, and how to price your product. Here’s a quick overview of each of these factors:

1. Markets: When expanding internationally, you’ll need to decide which markets to enter. Consider the potential size of the market, the level of competition, cultural differences, and infrastructure.

2. Distribution channels: There are several options for distributing your product internationally, including direct exporting, licensing, franchising, and joint ventures. Each option has its own advantages and disadvantages, so it’s important to choose the right one for your business.

3. Pricing: Pricing your product correctly is essential for success in any market, but it can be especially challenging in international markets due to currency fluctuations and differences in economic conditions.

Product Form

There are many different types of product forms that companies use to distribute their products. Some common product forms include:

– Single products: These are products that are sold individually, such as a can of soup or a pair of shoes.

– Multi-packs: These are products that are sold in multiple units, such as a six-pack of soda or a twelve-pack of beer.

– Bundles: These are products that are sold together as a package, such as a furniture set or a cable TV package.

– Samples: These are small samples of products that are given out for free, such as cosmetic samples or food samples.

The type of product form that a company uses will depend on the type of product they are selling, the distribution channel they are using, and the marketing goals they have set.

Product Function

As a marketer, it’s important to understand the different types of product distribution so that you can create a plan that meets your business goals. You can use distribution to reach new markets, build brand awareness, or even increase sales.

There are three main types of product distribution:

1. Direct Distribution

Direct distribution is when a company sells its products directly to consumers through its own channels, such as stores or website. This type of distribution gives businesses more control over the pricing and promotion of their products.

2. Indirect Distribution

Indirect distribution is when businesses sell their products through third-party retailers. This type of distribution can help businesses reach new markets and increase their sales. However, businesses have less control over the pricing and promotion of their products when using indirect distribution.

3. Online Distribution

Online distribution is when businesses sell their products through online channels, such as e-commerce websites or marketplaces. This type of distribution can be used to reach a global audience and increase sales. However, businesses have less control over the pricing and promotion of their products when using online distribution.

Channel Structure

There are four main types of distribution structures in marketing and planning. These include:

1. Intensive Distribution: This is when a product is made available through as many channels as possible in order to reach the widest possible audience. This is often seen with fast-moving consumer goods (FMCGs).

2. Selective Distribution: This is when a company carefully selects the channels they want to use in order to reach their target market most effectively. This approach is often used with higher-end products where it is important to maintain a certain level of quality and exclusivity.

3. Exclusive Distribution: This is when a product is only made available through a limited number of channels, or even just one channel. This approach is often used for very high-end products where the company wants to maintain complete control over the distribution process.

4. Customized Distribution: This is when a company tailor their distribution strategy to specific markets or customer segments. This approach allows companies to be more flexible and responsive to the needs of their target market.

Market Coverage

There are a variety of ways to distribute your product or service to customers. The key is to choose the method (or methods) that best align with your target market and marketing goals. Here are some common types of distribution:

-Direct sales: Selling products or services directly to customers, either in person or online.

-Retail: Selling products or services through third-party retailers, such as brick-and-mortar stores, online marketplaces, or specialty boutiques.

-Wholesale: Selling products or services to other businesses, who then resell them to customers.

-Dropshipping: A type of retail distribution where businesses sell products without actually stocking them; instead, they partner with a supplier who ships the products directly to customers on the businesses’ behalf.

The right distribution strategy will vary depending on your product, your target market, and your goals. But no matter what you’re selling, an effective distribution plan is essential for getting your product into the hands of your customers.

Franchising

Franchising is a type of distribution in marketing and planning where a company grants another company the right to use its name, trademark, and business model. The franchisor also provides the franchisee with guidance and support in running the business. Franchising is a popular option for businesses that want to expand quickly and reach new markets without incurring the high costs of opening new locations.

Some well-known franchised companies include McDonald’s, 7-Eleven, and Subway. While most people think of franchising as a way for large companies to grow, there are many small businesses that are successfully franchised as well.

If you’re considering franchising your business, it’s important to do your research and understand the pros and cons of this type of expansion. You should also consult with a lawyer to ensure that you comply with all the legal requirements for franchising in your country or state.

Direct Marketing

There are two types of distribution in marketing and planning: direct marketing and indirect marketing. Direct marketing occurs when a company markets its products or services directly to consumers without using intermediaries. Indirect marketing, on the other hand, uses intermediaries such as retailers, wholesalers, or distributors to reach consumers.

Each type of distribution has its own advantages and disadvantages. Direct marketing is more efficient and allows for a more personalized approach, but it can be more expensive. Indirect marketing is less expensive but can be less effective because it relies on third-party involvement.

The best distribution strategy for a company depends on its products, its target market, and its budget. Companies should carefully consider all three factors before choosing a distribution strategy.

E-Commerce

E-commerce is one of the most popular types of distribution in marketing and planning. It allows businesses to sell their products and services online, reaching a larger audience than they would through brick-and-mortar stores. E-commerce also offers customers the convenience of 24/7 shopping, which can be a major advantage over traditional retail outlets.

There are a few things to keep in mind when using e-commerce as a distribution channel. First, you need to make sure your website is optimised for search engine ranking so that potential customers can easily find you. Secondly, your site should be user-friendly and easy to navigate so that customers have a positive experience when shopping with you. Finally, ensure that your payment process is secure so that customers feel confident about giving you their personal and financial information.

By following these tips, you can make e-commerce an effective and successful distribution channel for your business.

Direct Marketing

There are many different types of distribution in marketing and planning, but one of the most important is direct marketing. Direct marketing is a form of marketing that involves directly selling products or services to customers, usually through face-to-face interactions, phone calls, or online channels.

Direct marketing can be an extremely effective way to reach customers and make sales, but it requires careful planning and execution. When planning a direct marketing campaign, businesses need to consider their target audience, what type of product or service they are selling, and how they will reach those customers.

Once a direct marketing campaign is underway, businesses need to track their results carefully to see if it is achieving its objectives. If it is not, they may need to make adjustments to their approach.

Direct marketing can be an extremely effective tool for businesses of all sizes, but it is important to understand how it works before getting started.

Internet Marketing

There are many ways to market your product or service online, and each has its own advantages and disadvantages. Here are a few of the most popular types of online marketing:

1. Social Media Marketing

Social media marketing involves promoting your product or service through platforms like Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. The advantage of social media marketing is that it allows you to reach a large audience quickly and easily. The downside is that it can be difficult to stand out from the noise on these platforms, and you may need to invest significant time and resources to see results.

2. Search Engine Optimization

Search engine optimization (SEO) is the process of optimizing your website to rank higher in search engine results pages (SERPs). The advantage of SEO is that it can help you attract organic, unpaid traffic to your website. The downside is that it can be a long-term strategy, and it requires ongoing effort to maintain your rankings.

3. Pay-Per-Click Advertising

Pay-per-click (PPC) advertising is a form of paid advertising where you pay a fee for each click on your ad. The advantage of PPC advertising is that it can be an effective way to generate leads

Multi-Level Marketing

Multi-level marketing (MLM), also called pyramid selling, is a controversial marketing strategy in which the sales force is compensated not only for sales they generate, but also for the sales of the other salespeople that they recruit. This recruitment of other salespeople is commonly referred to as “downline” recruiting and represents a form of indirect compensation.

The main difference between MLM and traditional pyramid schemes is that MLM products are typically sold to consumers through retail outlets, while pyramid scheme products are sold directly to recruits. Therefore, participants in MLM programs have an opportunity to earn income from two sources: product sales and downline recruitment.

Critics of MLM argue that it is nothing more than a disguised pyramid scheme, while supporters claim that it is a legitimate way to sell products and create an income. There is no doubt that there are elements of truth to both arguments. However, it is important to understand how MLM works before making any decisions about whether or not it is right for you.

Conclusion

There are four main types of distribution in marketing and planning: exclusive, selective, intensive, and mass. Depending on your product or service, you will want to choose the type of distribution that makes the most sense for your business. If you have a high-end product, for example, you will likely want to use an exclusive distributor. On the other hand, if you have a mass-market product, using a mass distributor would be more appropriate. Selective and intensive distributors fall somewhere in between, making them a good option for many businesses. Ultimately, it is up to you to decide which type of distribution will work best for your company.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *